Susana Baca by Zoë Anglesey

Part of the Editor's Choice series.

BOMB 61 Fall 1997
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Susana Baca. Photo courtesy of Warner Bros. Records Inc.

Susana Baca exemplifies how an artist makes the world a stage. Peruvian of African descent, vocalist, band leader, arranger, musicologist, Baca puts a legacy of local culture in motion, diminishing the distance that separates it from others: “Our greatest challenge is to find the one true rhythm of freedom—something like the wind that allows a bird to fly, or a new language more powerful than speech, that holds you.”

Baca’s “new language” derives from a rich Creole heritage borne out of arid hardships long endured by the descendants of slaves. How appropriate that a music with this history should seek flight into the world. The lyrics adapted by Baca stay true to her resolve, they hover in oracular suspension each turn of phrase. Her songbook includes poems by Cesar Vallejo and Nicomedes Santa Cruz, mentor to the African Peruvian arts movement. It’s apparent now that Baca’s arresting “Maria Lando,” first cut on The Soul of Black Peru (Luaka Bop, 1995), earned her first international tours and subsequently, a record deal.

Noteworthy on Susana Baca’s eponymously titled debut album (Luaka Bop) are the pristine lyrics. While hers is an adolescent voice, tinged by four decades times five centuries, Baca sings solo, call and response with choruses, her musicians, the guitar, violin, and zampona. Bongos, congas, drums, and the cajon, another indigenous instrument, shuttle the usually spare tempos.

Susana Baca thinks of herself not as a folklorist, but as a 21st-century woman. It’s certain she’s sweet on where she came from, deep song of somber themes and circular chants that drive a dance—“the rhythms of cadence searching for words in poetry, and the eternal rhythm of the heart and celebration.”

—Zoë Anglesey

Circuit des Yeux & Bitchin Bajas
Violeta Went to Heaven by Cecilia Vicuña
Andrés Wood 1

Andrés Wood’s film, Violeta Went to Heaven, brought me back to a decisive moment. I am 14 and I am crossing a threshold. I am walking down a hallway at my aunt Lola’s house on Manuel Montt Street in Santiago de Chile.

Mario Galeano Toro by Marc Nasdor
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Chicha is Coming by Renato Gómez
​The Roots of Chicha

More than a Peruvian musical genre, Chicha (from the Spanish word for a style of homemade fermented beverage) is a peculiar hybrid culture centered in Lima—the clash of jungle, Andean, and coastal idiosyncrasies resulting from waves of coastal emigration to the city that began in the ’50s. 

Originally published in

BOMB 61, Fall 1997

Featuring interviews with Gregory Crewdson, Lorna Simpson, Allan Gurganus, Louis Auchincloss, Marie Howe, Rilla Askew, Rupert Graves, Andrew Blanco, and Paula Vogel.

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