Brazil: Body and Soul at the Guggenheim by Carlos Brillembourg

Part of the Editor's Choice series.

BOMB 79 Spring 2002

Discover MFA Programs in Art and Writing

Brazil 1 Body

Pentcostal Figures, 18th century, polychromed and gilded wood, 35 x 11½ x 11½ inches.

Just seeing the Guggenheim on Fifth Avenue brings me happiness: to walk across the open plaza facing the park, through the tight revolving door, and then be released into the infinite space of the spiral rotunda. But upon my most recent visit, I was a reluctant witness to the beloved space as transformed by French architect Jean Nouvel. Nouvel claims the Paris nightlife as inspiration, and loves “observing new attitudes in discotheques.” Which translates, in this case, to an interior painted entirely black and the omission of all natural light. One misses the church candles, standing before a 60-foot-high Baroque altar that dominates the dark atrium.

One of the wonders of Baroque churches in Rome, Bavaria, or Ouro Prieto is the precise manipulation of daylight as amplified by the gold leaf on the vertical landscape of the wall surfaces. The Counter-Reformation did not abide doubt in the absolute splendor of such architecture, with light a clear manifestation of the Supreme Being. Curiously, Mr. Nouvel chose to ignore this age-old strategy and puts in its place a silly colored light flickering on the dark ceiling.

Brazil 2 Body

Frans Janszoon Post, Sugar Plantation, 1661, oil on wood, 17 × 19 inches.

Organizing an exhibition of painting and sculpture along with mastheads, ex-votos, and architectural fragments encompassing 500 years of history under the rubric of nation is an absurd task. Take this idea and cram it into the Guggenheim’s spiral, block off any view with cumbersome black partitions, and you have quite possibly the worst exhibition ever mounted at this institution.

Brazil 3 Body

Lygia Pape, Tupinambá Cloak, 2000, mixed media, 59 x 315 x 315 inches.

The work of Lygia Clark would have been enough to fill the entire museum as it has several European ones. She is given a small space on the top floor, with a reproduction of her Bichosand therapeutic suits, as well as a video of her 1968 performances. Clark is one of the most radical artists to have come out of a fertile era alongside Hélio Oiticica and Lygia Pape. Her work unequivocally changes perceptions of art in its reformulation of concepts of self and object. Her radical innovations predate the soft sculpture of Robert Morris and Claes Oldenburg.

An active role in cultural renovation—a fundamental part of the Guggenheim’s legacy—is increasingly threatened by the notion of art-globalization through the franchising of museum brand. The individual responsible for bringing the techniques of global corporate marketing and mass consumption to this wonderful museum: Thomas Krens. It comes as no surprise that curators are removing books from their desks—taking them home before they, also, become history.

—Carlos Brillembourg


Brazil: Body and Soul was on view from October 2001 through May 2002 at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York.

Álvaro Siza by José Antonio Aldrete-Haas
Alvaro Siza 02 Bomb 068
The Arcades: Contemporary Art & Walter Benjamin by Claire Barliant
The Arcades 01

Benjamin as hollow window dressing

Sarah Oppenheimer by Alexander Galloway
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Open floor plans are less open than we think—and ripe for intervention. Oppenheimer’s latest effort is on view at the Pérez Art Museum Miami.

Susan E. Cahan’s Mounting Frustration: The Art Museum in the Age of Black Power by Terence Trouillot
Cahan Susan 01 Bomb 134

A 1971 photograph by Jan van Raay shows artist Cliff Joseph leading a group of artist-activists—members of the Black Emergency Cultural Coalition (BECC)—in the dead of winter protesting the Whitney Museum’s controversial exhibition Contemporary Black Artists in America (months before its opening on April 7, 1971).

Originally published in

BOMB 79, Spring 2002

Featuring interviews with Steven Holl, Stephen Mueller, Janet Cardiff, Laurie Sheck, Cornelius Eady, Victor Pelevin, Mohsen Makhmalbaf, Bill Frisell.

Read the issue